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Wednesday, 8 February 2012

Harmful bacteria

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IMMUNISATION children are the first fort to protect their lives from a variety of bacteria infection.
Although Malaysia is fortunate to have provided the immunization program is based on expansion of the Ministry of Health Immunization Program (EPI) World Health Organization (WHO) and given free to infants and children, but there is still no vaccine in the immunization schedule ministries such as vaccines against pneumococcal infections.
Consultant Paediatrician and Neonatologist Sunway Medical Centre, Dr Khoo Boo Aik explained, is a group of pneumococcal infection caused by a bacterium harmful Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus. This bacterial infection can lead to several common diseases such as respiratory tract infections including otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear), sinusitis and lung infection (pneumonia). Dr Khoo said, it can also cause sepsis is an infection of the bloodstream and meningitis ( infection of the lining of the brain). "In other words, this infection can cause permanent hearing loss, seizures, paralysis, brain defects, diabiliti and death in certain cases. "In fact, an estimated one million children die each year from pneumococcal around the world, "he said to the column. Healthy Individuals who fall into the category of this disease are at risk of infection as early as the age group under five years and more than 65 years. This is because the lower the body's immune system. Other factors include having no spleen or not working properly; have received treatment due to pneumonia, diabetes; chronic heart problems, lung problems; kidney or liver problems; a weak immune system; inherit immunodeficiency disorder or suffering from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and cochlear implants. Dr Khoo said the most common symptoms found in children include coughing phlegm; high fever; ear pain or discharge from the ear; easily irritable ; prolonged crying; less active; fatigue and looks sick. However it should be noted that not all will experience symptoms described as the diagnosis. He said that pneumococcal clinically diagnosed based on clinical trials and test results of physical examination. However, he said, there are several tests that can help you obtain positive results, but it sometimes failed to detect. These include chest x-rays, culture and sensitivity (C + S) phlegm, (C + S) blood, (C + S) and urine (C + S) cerebrospinal fluid. Dr Khoo said, even dangerous and difficult diagnosed, This disease can be prevented by general preventive measures such as maintaining good personal hygiene and healthy eating to build a healthy immune system. However, the most effective method of prevention is the vaccine against pneumococcal. "The vaccine is given in the form of injections in which the number of patients required dose depends on their age. injection of this vaccine works by providing stimulation to the body to produce antibodies against the pneumococcal bacteria. These antibodies protect you from illness if you are infected with pneumococcal bacteria. It also protects against many (not all) strains of pneumococcal bacteria, "he said. He said, pneumococcal spread by contact between people who are sick or carriers of the bacteria in their throat. You can also get pneumococcal pneumonia from respiratory droplets of water through the nose or mouth of an infected person. Dr Khoo said, the choice of Intravenous antibiotic treatment is with drugs that relieve symptoms. However, the world is faced with an increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria. This is difficult for serious bacterial infection of the treatment process, thus prevention through vaccination is the best way as treatment options. He said that this disease can cause serious complications and even death in addition to parents and caregivers face the never-ending concern. Psychological effects of this disease is left able to look at parents in the form of a financial burden for the costs of hospital treatment. "Do not forget that the doctor is a keeper in charge of treating the patient until recovery. Accordingly, the doctor strongly emphasizes prevention through vaccination method. "Parents should realize that pneumococcal disease is a serious and potentially fatal. As such, they should realize that prevention can be done against him. "If the children do not get this vaccination, parents need to be aware and take note of any symptoms experienced and immediately consult a doctor to detect and provide immediate treatment to avoid complications become more bad, "he said. Dr Khoo said, parents should be aware of pneumococcal disease is a serious but preventable. In this regard, give vaccinations to your child because the vaccine is proven to be more cost effective as a means to fight infections, including pneumococcal disease.

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